An ideal basketball team would perform like a well-oiled machine. The American epic historical film the 300 showed how just 300 spartan soldiers halted the massively powerful Xerxes’ Persian army through proper discipline and group effort.
Basketball positions and defense are very important for every entire game. Without that proper planning, you can’t dominate your opposition team.
Like almost every other game, players in basketball also have got different roles to play. In this section, you will get a clear idea about the roles of different players in basketball.
Different Positions in Basketball
There are usually 5-players on each team in a basketball match. And they are:
- Power Forward
- Small Forward
- Shooting Guard
- Point Guard
The tallest and strongest players in a team usually play in the center position. Players in the center also need to have good athletic ability and physical strength to dominate the opponent team. When it comes to defending the center, the center position is obliged to stop the opponent from shooting the ball into the basket by blocking shots and pass the ball in the key areas.
02. Power Forward
The second tallest players in the team get to play as a power forward, but they tend to be speedier than the players in the center. They play one of the most key roles in a game, and they are also popular among supporters. These players are able to score in the paint, also able to make a scoring shot from the midrange. When defending they are required to have the good physical strength to halt bigger players of the opposition team.
03. Small Forward
Players in the position of small forward are comparatively the shorter players in the team. However, they have versatile abilities which makes them one of the most valuable players on the team. They are required to have the ability to play on the inside as well as outside. Small forward players can almost do everything on the court.
04. Shooting Guard
If you are short in height, don’t feel bad. Here’s your opportunity to prove yourself. Players in the shooting guard positions are usually the shortest ones in the team. They are the best outside shooter, and not only that besides, being a good shooter, they also dribble quite fast. Shooting guard players need to have creative passing skills also good court vision ability.
When you are playing as a shooting guard you will have to drive the ball down the court and go all-out offensive at times. A good shooter is a great threat to the opponent as he’s able to shoot and score from any corner of the court. They are as quick as a hunter eagle when it comes to taking down their target. If they find the ball in the right location for once it would be a challenging task for the opponent from stopping them to score.
05. Point Guard
Point guard players are also short in height, however, they are the best ball handler on a team. Often, they are called the ‘floor general’ or ‘coach on the floor. When playing as a point guard, his main duty is to direct the game.
Point guard players need to have decent court vision skills to create a good shooting opportunity for the other players. If you are good at shooting from long distances then, you are the perfect match for a point guard. A point guard play is as important as a shooting guard.
To win a war the army has to be well-disciplined, fight and defend with group effort. And when it comes to basketball, it’s pretty much the same. You will have to apply different strategies following the proper method to beat the opponent. And among those, one of the most essential ones is defense. As once someone said, “offense wins games, but defense wins a championship.”
In this article, we are going to explain every respective of basketball position defense. So, with no more tumult, let’s get into it.
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What Does Defense Work in Basketball?
If you know how the game of football works, then understanding basketball wouldn’t be that difficult for you. Basketball is like a brother from another mother of football. The defense in basketball works almost as it works in football. It is the defensive tactics and arrangements the team applies to halt the opposition team from scoring. What defines a good defense is speed, footwork, and well accouterments to the essentials.
The responsibility of a defender in basketball is to collaborate with his teammates to stop the opposing team players from making scoring opportunities like lay-up, box out in order to stop an offensive rebound and keep away from fouling which will bring a free throw.
Playing as a defender in basketball is quite an interesting responsibility. Because it motivates the player to keep developing their technical skills and boosts the desire to perform at a higher level. There are different types of defenses in basketball, and we will get acquainted with them now.
5 Different Types of Defenses in Basketball
Understanding the types of defenses in basketball will give you a vivid idea about how defense works and how to get better at it. There are usually 5-types of defenses in basketball, let’s get introduced to them one by one.
01. Man-to-man Defense
In man-to-man defense strategy, the coach allocates each player to put in rows a specific offensive player to track and defeat on the court.
Well, the coach might shift assignments sometimes if he notices the opposition team is making use of a defender’s weakness. You might also see, at times that a player is deserting their assignment to double team the opponent key player in the defense.
Man-to-man defense allows a player to push the dribble towards the baseline and sidelines so he can trap them in a helpless location. In this defense, it’s very easy to box out in the paint and get the rebound. This is an ideal defense for high school teams and youth programs as it’s a great way to teach basic skills and grow skilled basketball players.
02. Zone Defense
When it comes to zone defense the coach allocates each player to cover a fixed area of the court. The defender will start to guard an opponent when he gets inside the defender’s appointed zone.
Even when the opponent player takes leave from the defender’s zone, the defender wouldn’t go after him, instead, he would continue defending his designated zone. Zone defense has several types of defensive schemes, and they are identified using the alignment of the player zones. The player nearest to the top of the key gets the first number in a zone scheme, and the last number goes to the player closest to the baseline.
03. Combination Defense
A combination defense is also known as junk defense. It’s a mix of zone defense and a man-to-man defense scheme. You don’t see many teams using this strategy as their primary defensive formation. It’s mostly used to confuse the opponent, especially when they need a swift change in the dominance of the game.
Combination defense is not that reliable, to be honest, as there’s a great risk of coverage breaking down. So, teams usually go for this when they are overwhelmed by the opponent.
04. Full-court Press Defense
In the full-court press, the defenders put constant pressure on the offensive team impacting all around the court, stats off with initial inbound pass. Teams usually apply the man-to-man or zone scheme strategy when doing a full-court press. This strategy is generally applied when a team is about to lose the game in the ending period. It’s a perfect blend when it comes to fatigue the opponent.
05. Half-court Press Defense
The moment the opponent crosses the ball over the half-court line, the defenders start to apply a half-court press strategy. It’s quite alike the full-court press. The team usually applies the man-to-man or zone scheme when applying this strategy. However, the half-court press can be applied throughout the entire game. This strategy was also designed to fatigue the opponent, force turnovers, and interrupt the flow of the game. Comparatively, it’s not that risky as full-court press.
5-Golden Rules to Form a Great Defensive Wall
Here are 5-essential rules to fathom a great defense in basketball:
- Don’t ever lose your balance. If you lose it even for a second, you are done! Avoid the shot fakes and stay on your feet.
- If you find the ball is below the mid-section, you need to stop the opponent player in Infront of you from putting it in a shooting position. To do that, place your hand above the ball as soon as you find the ball in the mid-section.
- Put your hand on the ball if it’s in the shooting position. This is going to halt the opponent player from shooting.
- Place your hand under than ball and wig out. This will help you to stay out of foul trouble.
- Try to keep your head lower than the opponent’s player’s head. This is how you will be able to get under the opponent player and get a comfortable position to take charge.
You know they say, “a stronger defense is an investment in place.” If your team can maintain a strong defense, the chances of winning the game raises dramatically. Defense requires the energy, effort, and commitment of the players. Yeah, it will take some quality time to get well acquainted with the correct angles, pass, and anticipation, but with time and practice you will get along with it.
You got to be wailing to invest your level best into the practice to become a great defender. If you are so obsessed with recognition, then the defense is not your cup of tea. The average fans usually don’t pay much heed to the defenders, so they fail to realize their importance.
But your teammates, coach, and people who understand the games do. If you are a team player and you really want the team to win, then playing as a defender is a way to go. Without basketball position defense you can’t build a strong team. I hope now everything about basketball position defense is clear to you.