The history of basketball is not much more than a century old. This game was started with 18 men in a YMCA gymnasium in Springfield, Massachusetts, but today, more than 300 million people play this game worldwide.
There is an interesting story behind the invention of basketball. Well, before we opt into the discussion about those past centuries, let’s know who deserves the credit of inventing the game first.
He is James Naismith, a Canadian physical education instructor. He was instructed by the head of physical education at the school for Christian workers to invent an indoor game.
The deadline was only two weeks and the condition was ‘the game has to keep athletes indoors during the winters’.
So, this is how the story began. Let’s know the facts and information about the game in detail.
Origin and Invention (History Of Basketball)
So, history began in 1981 holding the hands of Dr. James Naismith. One day, during a faculty meeting, James Naismith himself threw a proposal that someone should invent an indoor game as the chilly New England weather put a halt to outdoor sports.
At that time, the head of physical education at the YMCA was Dr. Luther Galik who liked the proposal and provided some requirements for such a game.
Some of the requirements were like it had to be competitive, work the entire body, require skill and not to be very rough. Then he set a deadline and asked James Naismith to invent a new indoor game.
James Naismith started from the ground up and chose to use the soccer ball as it’s very soft. As he knew very well that having the class kick the ball indoors led to broken windows, he set his mind up that players would handle it with their hands.
He noted the violence in many outdoor games intensified near the goal, he thought about placing a basket above the players’ heads into which the players could throw the ball.
By the very end of his deadline, James Naismith had come up with a new indoor game the class took to and named it (at the suggestion of a student) ‘Basketball’.
The 13 Original Rules of Basketball
Before Dr. James Naismith presented the sport to his class, he swiftly came up with 13 rules for the game. Check them out:
- Players are allowed to throw the ball in any direction with one or both hands.
- Players can beat the ball in any direction (with one or both hands) but can’t do it with their fist.
- A player is forbidden to run with the ball. The player has to throw it from the spot on where he catches it.
- Players can hold the ball with or in between their hands. Using arms or body to secure the ball is not allowed.
- Shouldering, holding, pushing, striking, or tripping an opposing player is a violation.
- Striking the ball with a fist is considered as foul.
- If three consecutive fouls happen by one team, it will result in a goal for the opponent.
- When the ball is thrown or batted into the fruit basket and remains in it, that means, a goal is made.
- When the ball is thrown out of the bounds, it shall be back into the field by the first person touching it.
- An umpire is a person who will be the judge of men, will note fouls, and also notify the referee when there are three consecutive fouls committed.
- A referee is a person who will be the judge of the ball. He will decide when the ball is in or out of the bounds, which team is in the position of the ball, and also will keep the time.
- The total time of the game will be two fifteen-minute halves (with 5 minutes’ rests between).
- The team that can make the most goals during the game, will be the winner.
Early Basketball League
So, the very first known professional basketball contest took place in 1896. The contest was in Trenton, New Jersey, and pitted the Trenton YMCA against a YMCA team that hailed from Brooklyn, New York.
They charged a small admission fee, the players were paid $15 to play in that contest. Who won? Well, the game ended with a victory (15-1) for the Trenton YMCA.
Two years later, ‘The National Basketball League’ was formed.
And 1901 is the year when colleges in the United States began to form basketball teams.
International Expansion of Basketball
The popularity of basketball wasn’t bound to the continent of North America. Yes, the rest of the world started to introduce this game day after day. In 1909, the first international basketball game took place in St. Petersberg.
So, that’s how the game was growing and exploding worldwide and an international governing body was needed. Consequently, in 1932, eight countries cooperated and found FIBA. After that, in 1936, for the very first time, basketball was an Olympic event.
In the very first place, the ‘Basketball Association of America’ was formed in 1946. After three years, the league changed its name to the National Basketball Association’.
The NBA became the premier source for basketball in the US as well as throughout the world.
After that, in 1967, the ‘American Basketball Association’ was established and was a legitimate competition for the NBA. The ABA was jump-started by the play of Hall of Famer Julius Erving.
Moreover, the leaping ability of this person helped to establish a new style of basketball playing.
No doubt, the National Basketball Association’ provided the highest level of basketball players on the planet.
So, now you know the invention of basketball, you enjoyed it? We hope the answer is yes. Actually, a basketball tale is a never-ending story.
We can talk for hours and hours about the game, about how it came, how it’s going on, and how it will keep going. But we are at the end of the article. We hope that this article could slake your curiosity about the brief history of basketball.